What to do to save from Ebola virus

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The disease is native to Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The disease first became an epidemic in the tropics of sub-Saharan Africa. From 1976 to 2013, fewer than 1,000 people were infected with Ebola each year. The Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 following an outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever as a pandemic. In 1976 the first epidemic broke out along the banks of the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), hence the name “Ebola”.

EVD is caused by 4 of the 5 viruses belonging to the Monogram genus of the Filoviridae family of the Ebola virus family. The four viruses that cause disease in humans are: 

1. Bundibugyo Ebola Virus (BDBV) 

2. Zaire Ebola Virus/Ebola Virus (EBOV) 3. Sudan Ebola Virus (SUDV) 

4. So Forest Ebola Virus (TAFV) BDBV, 

EBOV, SUDV, TAFV is the most virulent virus and has caused several epidemics in South Africa. The fifth Ebola virus is Reston Ebola virus (RESTV) and this Reston Ebola virus (RESTV) can occur in monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees.

Remedy

There is no vaccine for Ebola. Efforts are currently underway to develop an Ebola vaccine. There is no specific treatment for this disease. Currently, the only treatment for this disease is ‘intensive supportive therapy’. These treatments include: 

1. Maintaining the fluid and electrolyte balance of the patient’s body. 

2 Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure 

3 Treating other infections Intensive care 

therapy is very important for the early stages of an Ebola hemorrhagic disease infection. Early symptoms of headache or mild fever can be similar to other illnesses. Additionally, since it is not certain how a person becomes infected with EHF, preventing the disease is a challenge.

You usually have nothing to fear unless you go to an area where the disease is prevalent. 

But if you have travelled to an affected country in the last 2/3 weeks, you should exercise caution. 

Always wash hands with soap and hot water. 

Care should be taken to wash hands thoroughly before touching eyes, nose or mouth. 

When approaching an infected person, care should be taken to cover the body and wear a mask. Care should be taken that the body fluids of the infected person do not come into contact with you in any way. 

If symptoms of the disease appear for any reason, self-isolation should be done immediately, so that no one else gets infected with the disease, and  a doctor should be consulted immediately. 

Everyone should be aware so that there is no outbreak of this disease in Bangladesh. If you have a fever, cold, or cough, you should get checked by a doctor as soon as possible. 8 Do not panic and take proper treatment and alert everyone around.

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Srabani
Author: Srabani

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